1775 -- The Second Provencial Congress convened in Charles Town, electing William Henry Drayton as its president.
1786 -- Ten days after being shot by Ralph Isaacs in a duel, Dr. Joseph Brown Ladd died.
1718 -- Gov. Robert Johnson took four ships to attack a group of pirates off the coast. A dramatic battle ensured.
1860 -- News of Abraham Lincoln's election reached Charleston, fueling the call of secessionists who gave impassioned speeches at S.C. Institute Hall on Meeting Street.
1718 -- Twenty-two members (accounts vary a bit) of Stede Bonnet's crew were hanged at what is now White Point Gardens.
1718 -- Stede Bonnet was stood trial for piracy with Judge Nicholas Trott presidiing.
1775 -- Having been elected President of the Second Provencial Congress, William Henry Drayton sought to evade cannon fire from British warships by scuttling ship hulks in the mount of the Cooper River. (Source: Charleston! Charleston!).
1718 -- Several more, perhaps seven, of Bonnet's crew were hanged at White Point Gardens.
1719 -- In what some call America's first Revolution, Carolina's colonial Assembly met in Charles Town and disavowed further allegiance to the Lords Prioprietors in favor of becoming a Royal Colony. The Assembly declared itself "the government until His Majesty's pleasure be known."
1740 -- One of Charleston's most destructive fires began around 2 p.m. "in a Sadler's House" at the corner of Broad and Church streets, destroying not only private residences, but the heart of the city's commercial warehouse district.
1779 -- Lt. Col. William Washington transfers to Charleston during the American Revolution.
1718 -- The 19 pirates captured by Gov. Robert Johnson were tried before Judge Nicholas Trott.
1737 -- Charles Theodore Pachelbel arrives in Charleston.
1773 -- The Patriot "Club Forty-Five" met at the Liberty Tree to rally the cry for independence.
1847 -- Mary Ann Lofton was born in St. James Santee Parish.
1730 -- William Moultrie, a future General and Patriot hero, was born.
1824 -- The first Reform Jewish congregation in the nation was founded in Charleston by 47 members of the Kahal Kadesh Beth Elohim Synagogue.
1730 -- Edward Rutledge, a future S.C. Governor and the youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Charleston.
1681 -- Lord Proprietor Anthony Ashley Cooper was tried for treason in England.
1757 -- Dr. Robert Broun died and was buried in the St. James Goose Creek Chapel of Ease churchyard.
1802 -- The future wife of S.C. Gov. Joseph Alston, Theodosia Burr, arrived in Charleston.
1936 -- Life magazine, created by Henry R. Luce, published its first issue.
1707 -- Land was set aside between the Combahee and Savannah rivers for the Native American Yemassee tribe.
1718 -- Judge Nicholas Trott sentenced the 19 pirates captured by Gov. Robert Johnson to death by hanging.
1928 -- The cornerstone for a new bank was laid at the historic former site of Shepheard's Tavern at the northeast corner of Broad and Church streets.
1860 -- During his Sunday sermon at St. Peter's Episcopal Church, the Rev. William O. Prentiss talked about the threat of the "Wide Awake" groups, paramilitary organizations that formed in the North during the late 1850s and became closely affiliated wth the Republican Party and the presidential election of 1860. (Source: Confederate South Carolina)
1757 -- The American Navy was established, an entity that would play a huge role in Charleston's -- indeed, in South Carolina's -- 20th century history as well as the 18th.