1780 -- British Capt. Johann Ewald records that “The county around Gibbes’ house has been made a park and depot for the siege, and the greenhouse is a laboratory.”
1948 -- John Stewart Carter was born in Little Rock, Ark. Shortly after his marriage to his second wife Betsey in 1981, the couple moved to her hometown of Charleston. John taught at The Citadel, attaining the rank of Colonel and Head of the Department of Health, Exercise and Sport Science. He also served as the Bulldogs' play caller and founded the Citadel's Ombuds program. As its first Ombudsperson, John help the Citadel community during its difficult transition to coeducation in the 1990s. The John S. Carter Scholarship was established in his honor.
1960 -- Twenty-four black students from Burke High School staged a Civil Rights sit-in at the Kresse Department Store lunch counter on King Street, changing the city's dialogue about the issues facing racial equality in America.
1996 -- The Charleston Naval Base and Shipyard closed.
1811 -- The South Carolina Advocate reported on the burning of the Cooper River Campground, which was also known as the Goose Creek Methodist Camp, near the confluence of Goose Creek to the Cooper.
1740 -- Concerned about the ever-increasing ratio of enslaved blacks to whites, the Assembly imposed a prohibitively high import duty on African slaves.
1685 -- The Giton family, Huguenot refugees seeking a new life after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, departed England after "three months waiting for a Carolina-bound ship." (Source: South Carolina Women, Vol. 1, p. 33)
1861 -- The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter. The Civil War had begun in Charleston Harbor.
1780 -- British batteries, stationed near where Hampton Park is today, opened a two-hour barrage of round shot and incendiary bombs as the Seige of Charleston began. Fires broke out all around town, including in areas still recovering from the Great Fire of 1778. S.C. Gov. John Rutledge called for an evacuation of the city. Soldieirs were ordered to kill the packs of dogs that were running loose in the street.
1775 -- News reached Charles Town that Parliament was sending additional troops to enforce British policies (and taxation) in the colonies. (Source: Charleston, Charleston! by Walt Fraser, p. 141)
1715 -- The Yamasee Indian War began as tribesmen fell on fronteir settlements about 80 miles south of Charles Town, killing more than 100 settlers, both white settlers and enslaved blacks. The colony's wealthiest Indian trader and legislator, Thomas Nairne, was tortuously roasted to death over a fire.
1732 -- Charles Lowndes paid Henry Gibbes 300 pounds to lease five enslaved people, because by increasing the size of his "household," he would qualify to enhace the size of his land grant. Grants were based on how many people were in one's household. An enslaved man was counted as 3/5 of a man. Women, free or enslaved, counted for nothing. (Source: Goose Creek: A Definitive History Vol. 1, p. 86)
1715 -- The Rev. Francis LeJau, Doctor of Divinity and Rector of the St. James Goose Creek (Anglican) Church, greeted his parishioners on Easter Sunday, the first service at their new church.
1743 -- Charles Lowndes paid James Kinloch 600 pounds to lease seven enslaved people, because by increasing the size of his "household," he would qualify to enhace the size of his land grant. Grants were based on how many people were in one's household. An enslaved man was counted as 3/5 of a person. Women, free or enslaved, counted for nothing. (Source: Goose Creek: A Definitive History Vol. 1, p. 86)
1870 -- Maria Louisa Porcher was born at Porcher's Bluff.
1715 -- Good Friday. In response to the increase in settlers' enslaving Native Americans, the Yemasees, Creeks, Catawbas and Choctaw tribes together attacked a number of frontier settlements about 80 miles southwest of Charles Town. They slew about 100 people. One of them, trader Thomas Nairne, was roasted to death.
1732 -- Charles Lowndes paid Henry Gibbes 330 English pounds to "lease" five slaves in order to enlarge his "family" so that he would be eligible to acquire a new land grant based on how many people were in his household. Six days later, he paid James Kinloch 600 pounds to lease seven more. (Source: Goose Creek: A Definitive History, Vol. 1)
1775 -- In response to the news that British troops were being dispatched to the colonies, the Secret Committee of Five, created by the Provisional Congress and led by William Henry Drayton, seized the arms and powder that were being stored in local magazines and hid them in private houses throughout the city.(Source: Charleston, Charleston! by Walt Fraser, p. 141)
2023 -- A golf cart carrying four people was struck from behind by an alleged drunk driver on Folly Beach, killing 34-year-old Samantha Miller and injuring her new husband, Aric Hutchinson, and two members of Hutchison's family. The couple had just celebrated their wedding a few hours earlier.
1960 -- The News & Courier reported that the last pillar of the Charleston Hotel had been demolished at 3 a.m. the morning before.