APRIL

April 1

1780 -- British Capt. Johann Ewald records that “The county around Gibbes’ house has been made a park and depot for the siege, and the greenhouse is a laboratory.” 

1948 -- John Stewart Carter was born in Little Rock, Ark. Shortly after his marriage to his second wife Betsey in 1981, the couple moved to her hometown of Charleston. John taught at The Citadel, attaining the rank of Colonel and Head of the Department of Health, Exercise and Sport Science. He also served as the Bulldogs' play caller and founded the Citadel's Ombuds program. As its first Ombudsperson, John help the Citadel community during its difficult transition to coeducation in the 1990s. The John S. Carter Scholarship was established in his honor.

1960 -- Twenty-four black students from Burke High School staged a Civil Rights sit-in at the Kresse Department Store lunch counter on King Street, changing the city's dialogue about the issues facing racial equality in America.

1996 -- The Charleston Naval Base and Shipyard closed.

April 2

1811 -- The South Carolina Advocate reported on the burning of the Cooper River Campground, which was also known as the Goose Creek Methodist Camp, near the confluence of Goose Creek to the Cooper.

April 5

1740 -- Concerned about the ever-increasing ratio of enslaved blacks to whites, the Assembly imposed a prohibitively high import duty on African slaves.

April 6

2023 --Professor Emeritus Dr. Michael S. Kogan passed away. He received his B.A. in Philosophy and his Ph.D. in Religious Studies from Syracuse University, pursuing post-graduate studies at  Columbia University and The Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Dr. Kogan taught in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at Montclair State University in New Jersey for 41 years, serving as chair for 24 of those. He specialized in Jewish and Christian theology and Dialogue, Existentialism, and Old and New Testaments. His book, "Opening the Covenant: A Jewish Theology of Christianity," was published by Oxford University Press, and he published many essays, book chapters, introductions, and scholarly articles. Dr. Kogan taught adult courses in Bible and theology at many churches and synagogues, including St. Johannes Lutheran, St. Stephen's Episcopal, K.K. Beth Elohim and Synagogue Emanu-El, and at the College of Charleston. He was a long-time member of the Board of the Spoleto Festival, U.S.A., served on the Board of the CofC's Yashick/Arnold Jewish Studies Program, and was a "Pillar" of the Jewish Historical Society of South Carolina. He was a Life Member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Charleston's Fort Sumter Camp, and a former Commander and Adjutant of New York's General Archibald Gracie Camp 983, SCV. He was a member of the Palmetto Guards, Charleston Library Society, South Carolina Historical Society, Preservation Society of Charleston, Civil War Trust, South Carolina Battlefield Preservation Trust, Christian-Jewish Council and Harbor Club. The library of the CofC's Jewish Studies Center at the College of Charleston is named in honor of Dr. Kogan's great-great-great-grandfather, Rabbi Hirsch Levin. His great-great-grandfather, Harris Levin, and several other forbearers served in the Army of the Confederate States. 

April 11

1685 -- The Giton family, Huguenot refugees seeking a new life after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, departed England after "three months waiting for a Carolina-bound ship." (Source: South Carolina Women, Vol. 1, p. 33)

April 12

1861 -- The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter. The Civil War had begun in Charleston Harbor.

April 13

1780 -- British batteries, stationed near where Hampton Park is today, opened a two-hour barrage of round shot and incendiary bombs as the Seige of Charleston began. Fires broke out all around town, including in areas still recovering from the Great Fire of 1778. S.C. Gov. John Rutledge called for an evacuation of the city. Soldieirs were ordered to kill the packs of dogs that were running loose in the street.

April 14 

1775 -- News reached Charles Town that Parliament was sending additional troops to enforce British policies (and taxation) in the colonies. (Source: Charleston, Charleston! by Walt Fraser, p. 141)

April 15

1715 -- The Yamasee Indian War began as tribesmen fell on fronteir settlements about 80 miles south of Charles Town, killing more than 100 settlers, both white settlers and enslaved blacks. The colony's wealthiest Indian trader and legislator, Thomas Nairne, was tortuously roasted to death over a fire. 

1732 -- Charles Lowndes paid Henry Gibbes 300 pounds to lease five enslaved people, because by increasing the size of his "household," he would qualify to enhace the size of his land grant. Grants were based on how many people were in one's household. An enslaved man was counted as 3/5 of a man. Women, free or enslaved, counted for nothing. (Source: Goose Creek: A Definitive History Vol. 1, p. 86)

April 17

1715 -- The Rev. Francis LeJau, Doctor of Divinity and Rector of the St. James Goose Creek (Anglican) Church, greeted his parishioners on Easter Sunday, the first service at their new church.

April 21

1743 -- Charles Lowndes paid James Kinloch 600 pounds to lease seven enslaved people, because by increasing the size of his "household," he would qualify to enhace the size of his land grant. Grants were based on how many people were in one's household. An enslaved man was counted as 3/5 of a person. Women, free or enslaved, counted for nothing.  (Source: Goose Creek: A Definitive History Vol. 1, p. 86)  

April 24

1870 -- Maria Louisa Porcher was born at Porcher's Bluff.

April 25

1715 -- Good Friday. In response to the increase in settlers' enslaving Native Americans, the Yemasees, Creeks, Catawbas and Choctaw tribes together attacked a number of frontier settlements about 80 miles southwest of Charles Town. They slew about 100 people. One of them, trader Thomas Nairne, was roasted to death.

1732 -- Charles Lowndes paid Henry Gibbes 330 English pounds to "lease" five slaves in order to enlarge his "family" so that he would be eligible to acquire a new land grant based on how many people were in his household. Six days later, he paid James Kinloch 600 pounds to lease seven more. (Source: Goose Creek: A Definitive History, Vol. 1)

April 26 

1775 -- In response to the news that British troops were being dispatched to the colonies, the Secret Committee of Five, created by the Provisional Congress and led by William Henry Drayton, seized the arms and powder that were being stored in local magazines and hid them in private houses throughout the city.(Source: Charleston, Charleston! by Walt Fraser, p. 141)

April 28

2023 -- A golf cart carrying four people was struck from behind by an alleged drunk driver on Folly Beach, killing 34-year-old Samantha Miller and injuring her new husband, Aric Hutchinson, and two members of Hutchison's family. The couple had just celebrated their wedding a few hours earlier.

April 30

1960 -- The News & Courier reported that the last pillar of the Charleston Hotel had been demolished at 3 a.m. the morning before.

Kresse Department Store is included among the stories of our Lost Charleston Tour.
We recall one of the Lowcountty's great love stories when we visit the gravesite of Maria Louisa Porcher Wayne on our French Santee Tour.
Captain John Ewald, a Hessian officer serving with the British wrote home sharing details of the Seige of Charles Town, beginning in the area near today's Hampton Park. We recount his memories of that fateful event on our Lost Charleston Tour. (Image: Library of Congress)
We visit the site of George Chicken's old traders' camp, one of the sites where skirmishes with the Yamasee tribes took place, on our Day on the Cooper River tour.
Learn more about the Charleston Naval Shipyard in Lost Charleston.
The last pillar of the great Charleston Hotel came crashing down after the demolition crew had to bring in a 2,000 wrecking ball. We visit this site on our Lost Charleston Tours.