1765 -- Christopher Gadsden, Thomas Lynch and John Rutledge set sail for the illegally called Stamp Act Congress in New York City. Gadsden, ever the ardent Patriot, served as chair of the committee that drafted resolutions condemning the act.
1739 -- The bloodiest slave revolt in colonial America began near what is today the Stono River Bridge on Highway 17, about 20 miles south of Charleston.
1859 -- L.E.A. Shier, sometimes known as the Trillium Angel, died aged four years, 11 months and 13 days, a victim of the "bilious fever" epidemic that was going around after an unusally hot, humid summer.
1859 -- L.E.A. Shier, 4, was buried at Bethlehem Baptist Church in Goose Creek.
1960 -- Hurricane Donna passed by the Carolina coastline, spawning a tornado that brought down three walls of the Bennett Rice Mill, c. 1844.
1819 -- John and Livinia Fisher nearly escaped from the District Jail by creating a rope out of strips of cloth. John went down first and had almost reached the ground when the rope broke, leaving Lavinia trapped on the jail’s upper floors. Rather than leave his wife, John remained below Lavinia’s window and was, of course, recaptured.
1752 -- The first breezes of what would become the Great Hurricane of 1752 began to pick up during the afternoon.
1752 -- One of the strongest hurricanes ever to strike the East Coast came ashore, blowing a large ship anchored in Charleston Harbor up Vanderhorst Creek (today's Water Street), striking the meeting house of a group of Baptists who had recently split from the city's main congregation, and finally coming to rest near Meeting Street.
1703 -- Ruth Brewton, future wife of William Pinckney and mother of Col. Charles Pinckney, was born.
1939 -- The last prisoners to be housed in the Old City Jail on Magazine Street were escorted out. (Source: Abode of Misery, p. 15)
1708 -- Governor Nathaniel Johnson sent a report to the Board of Trade in London with the good news that the Charles Town colony was flourishing, with a population of 9,580 --- 3,960 of which were free whites, 120 white indentured servants, 1,400 enslaved Native Americans, and 4,100 enslaved Africans and African Americans. (Source: Charleston! Charleston, p. 28)
1754 -- Col. Charles Pinckney bought Snee Farm plantation (715 acres at the time of purchase) and soon afterward built a house there.
1765 -- The South Carolina Gazette ran an advertisement for a plantation overseer and his wife: "Wanted immediately, for the subscriber's plantation near Bacon Bridge, an overseer that understands sawing, making shingles and rice; one with a wife, to mind a dairy and poultry, would be preferred, but none need apply who is not well recommended; any one properly recommended and approved of, will meet with very good encouragement from Henry Smith."
1918 -- The first case of the Spanish Influenza's arrival in Charleston was documented at the Navy Base.
1857 -- Sarah Ann Lowry Lofton died in Christ Church Parish, one of the first three victims of the epidemic that roared through Mt. Pleasant that year.
1857 -- Samuel H. Loften, who probably brought the epidemic ashore, died in Christ Church Parish, just two days after his wife.
1989 -- At midnight, the eye of Hurricane Hugo, a category 4 storm, passed over Cove Inlet between Mt. Pleasant and Sullivans Island.
1718 -- A patrol of pirate bounty hunters under the command of Colonel William Rhett spotted Stede Bonnet's ship in the Cape Fear River inlet, and one of the most amazing pirate battles in history began.
1902 -- The Evening Post, in its coverage of the opening of the new Commercial Club, noted that the building's fourth floor was enclosed in glass that could be opened, "making a delightful resort to spend the evenings during the summer months."
2023 -- Sixteen high school, middle school and elementary school principals sent letters to the Charleston County School Board expressing disappointment after weeks of chaotic meetings that ended in newly hired Superintendent Eric Gallien's paid suspension, saying that the substance and conduct of the meetings did not meet the basic standard of good governance from elected officials, adding that partisan politics have no place in a system devoted to educating students.
1854 -- L.E.A. Shier was born to Aaron and Mary Shier of Goose Creek.
1838 -- James Matthews told the editor of an abolitionish magazine horrifying stories of being an enslaved person sent to the notorious "Sugar House" for punishment.