Aug. 24 -- Spanish explorer Lucas de Ayllon visited the area around Cape Romain, naming the area Cape San Romano, as this date is St. Romano's Day. (Source: Home in the Village, p. 4)
May 1 -- Hernado de Soto and his Spanish army reached the village of the Cofitachequi tribe, near the the confluence of Pine Tree Creek and the Wateree River, near the present-day site of Camden, and were met by that village's leader, the Lady of Cofitachequi, who sought a peaceful alliance with the Europeans. (Source: South Carolina Women, p. 11)
May 29 -- Charleston's namesake, King Charles II, was born "at noon with Venus the star of love and fortune shining high over the horizon."
Jan. 20 -- King Charles I of England went on trial, accused by Oliver Cromwell and the Puritan forces who emerged victorious from this mid-17th century civil war of high treason. His subsequent conviction
and execution was one of the key factors in what eventually would become the first permanent English settlement of Charles Town some 30 years later.
Jan. 30 -- Charles I is beheaded as Oliver Cromwell and his Puritan Party assume rule over England.
Jan. 30 -- On the 12th anniversary of his father's execution, Charles II, recently restored to the British throne, disinterrs the body of Oliver Cromwell and cuts off what's left of Cromwell's head.
May 5 -- Thomas Pinckney, future husband of Ruth Brewton and father of Col. Charles Pinckney, was born.
June 23 -- Robert Sanford took possession of Carolina in the name of King Charles II and the Lords Proprietors.
Aug. 25 -- The new British and Barbadian settlers at Albemarle Point (i.e., Charle Towne Landing) held a parliament, noting that while the Church of England would be the new colony's established church, they had no minister. Gov. William Sayle therefore wrote to Lord Proprietor Anthony Ashley Cooper asking his to send "a Godly and othodox minist'r.'" (Source: A Short History of Charleston, p. 12.)
Dec. 17 -- French Huguenot Abraham Fleury Sieur de la Plaine and his family left England aboard the Richmond on their way to seek a new life offering freedom of worship in the Charles Town colony. (Source: The Goose Creek Bridge: Gateway to Sacred Places, p. 33.)
Nov. 23 -- Lord Proprietor Anthony Ashley Cooper was tried and found guilty of treason in Britain.
July 29 -- Stede Bonnet, Charleston's Gentleman Pirate, was christened at Christ Church Parish in Barbados.
Aug. 20 -- In his will written on this date, Capt. John Coming leaves his entire estate to his widow, Affra Harleston Coming. The ruins of one of the nation's oldest plantations, Coming Tee, and its rice mill can be seen on our Day on the Cooper River Tour.
Aug. 17 -- John Archdale, a Quaker, was appointed Governor of the Carolina colony.
Nov. 1 -- John Coming, one of Charles Town' earliest settlers, died.
Feb. 24 -- A fire broke out and spread quickly thoughout the town over the next two days, leaving more than 50 families homeless.
Dec. 10 -- Affra Harleston Coming deeds 17 acres of land south of George Street to St. Philips Church. It is known as the Glebe Lands, or lands belonging to the church.
Dec. 28 -- Affra Harleston Coming divides the remainder of her estate between her nephew, John Harleston, and her husband's half-nephew, Elias Ball.