A CHARLESTON TIMELINE BY DAYS
Please pardon our mess as this page undergoes a bit of reconstruction..
You may also enjoy viewing our history of Charleston in chronological order.
1786 -- Ten days after being shot by Ralph Isaacs in a duel, Dr. Joseph Brown Ladd died.
1718 -- Gov. Robert Johnson took four ships to attack a group of pirates (not Stede Bonnet) off the coast and a dramatic battle ensured.
1860 -- News of Abraham Lincoln's election reaches Charleston, fueling the call of secessionists who give impassioned speeches at S.C. Institute Hall on Meeting Street.
1718 -- Twenty-two (accounts vary a bit) of Stede Bonnet's crew were hanged at what is now White Point Gardens.
1718 -- Stede Bonnet was stood trial for piracy with Judge Nicholas Trott presidiing.
1718 -- Several more, perhaps seven, of Bonnet's crew were hanged at White Point Gardens.
1719 -- In what some call America's first Revolution, Carolina's colonial Assembly met in Charles Town and disavowed further allegiance to the Lords Prioprietors in favor of becoming a Royal Colony. The Assembly declared itself "the government until His Majesty's pleasure be known."
1740 -- One of Charleston's most destructive fires began around 2 p.m. "in a Sadler's House" at the corner of Broad and Church streets, destroying not only private residences, but the heart of the city's commercial warehouse district.
1779 -- Lt. Col. William Washington transfers to Charleston during the American Revolution. His former residence on South Battery is included on our downtown walking tours.
1718 -- The 19 pirates captured by Gov. Robert Johnson were tried before Judge Nicholas Trott. A monument recalling this event is included in our downtown walking tours.
1737 -- Charles Theodore Pachelbel arrives in Charleston.
1773 -- The Patriot "Club Forty-Five" met at the Liberty Tree to rally the cry for independence.
1730 -- William Moultrie, a future General and Patriot hero, was born.
1824 -- The first Reform Jewish congregation in the nation was founded in Charleston by 47 members of the Kahal Kadesh Beth Elohim Synagogue.
1730 -- Edward Rutledge, a future S.C. Governor and the youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Charleston. His residence is included on our Lost Charleston Tour (Route 1).
1681 -- Lord Proprietor Anthony Ashley Cooper was tried for treason in England.
1757 -- Dr. Robert Broun dies and is buried in the St. James Goose Creek Chapel of Ease churchyard. We visit his gravesite on our Day on the Cooper River Tour.
1802 -- The future wife of S.C. Gov. Joseph Alston, Theodosia Burr, arrives in Charleston. Her former residence is included in our downtown walking tours.
1936 -- Life magazine, created by Henry R. Luce, published its first issue. Charleston Raconteurs' Day on the Cooper River tour includes a visit to the Luce family cemetery on the high bluff of beautiful Mepkin Plantation.
1707 -- Land was set aside between the Combahee and Savannah rivers for the Native American Yemassee tribe.
1718 -- Judge Nicholas Trott sentenced the 19 pirates captured by Gov. Robert Johnson to death by hanging. We visit their memorial stone on our downtown walking tours.
1928 -- The cornerstone for a new bank was laid at the historic former site of Shepheard's Tavern at the northeast corner of Broad and Church streets.
1757 -- The American Navy was established, an entity that would play a huge role in Charleston's -- indeed, in South Carolina's -- 20th century history as well as the 18th.
1958-- I was born in Florence, S.C.
1773 - The English ship London dropped anchor in Charles Town harbor with 257 chests of tea. As the tension of the impending revolution filled the air, it was clear that if the colonists allowed the cargo to be delivered with its three-pence-per-pound duty collected as authorized by Parliament, it would be an admission that the colony was answerable to the governing body of England so far away. Christopher Gadsden was incensed. He and his friends posted handbills all over town calling for a meeting the next day at the Old Exchange Building to discuss what should be done. (Source: Charleston, Charleston! by Walt Fraser, p. 136)
1737 -- An indentured white servant, Samuel Dyssli, wrote home to his family saying "I am over here, thank God, hale and hearty, and doing at present quite nicely. I am working with an English master. He gives me every week ... 50 shillings, and ... plentiful ... food and drink."
1766 -- S.C. Commissary General William Pinckney, husband of Ruth Brewton, father of Col. Charles Pinckney, and grandfather of Charles Pinckney, an architect of the U.S. Constitution, died.
1769 -- The S.C. General Assembly voted to send 1,500 pounds Sterling to John Wilkes, a member of England's Parliament who had been arrested and imprisoned for criticizing the King. As Patriotic tensions here grew, they felt a kinship with Wilkes's cause. Unfortunately, the King's counselors saw the gift as a slap in the face to their sovereign, which did nothing to mellow the rebellous tensions that were brewing. (Source: Charleston, Charleston! by West Fraser, p. 126.)
1698 -- Affra Harleston Coming deeds 17 acres of land south of George Street to St. Philips Church. It is known as the Glebe Lands, or lands belonging to the church.
1718 -- Stede Bonnet was hanged for piracy at White Point Gardens.
1860 -- South Carolina delegates vote unanimously for seccession at St. Andrew's Hall on Broad Street. The document was drawn up and signed later that evening before a cheering crowd at S.C. Institute Hall on Meeting Street.
1797 -- After suffering for 18 years from an accidental bayonette wound he received at the Siege of Savannah, Patriot Capt. Archibald Broun (aka Brown) died at Blessing Plantation. During distinguished career, he negotiated with the French for miltary supplies and equipment, and became one of the five wealthiest land owners in St. Thomas Parish (near today's Goose Creek area). His grave is included on Charleston Raconteurs' Day on the Cooper River Tour.
1861 -- The largest, most destructive fire in the history of Charleston began near Hasell and East Bay streets, swept west to Meeting Street, down to Broad Street, and all the way over to the Ashley River side of the peninsula, burning more than 540 acres, 575 homes, many businesses and five churches, including the Pinckney Mansion, S.C. Institute Hall, Circular Congregational Church, St. Andrew's Hall, and the Cathedral of St. John and St. Finbar. Property damage was estimated to be between $5 million and $8 million.
1770 -- Charlestonians voted a local boycott against the importation of British goods (with the exceptions of tea and luxury items) as a result of the repeal of the Townshend Act. (Source: Walt Fraser in Charleston. Charleston! page 127)
1897 -- The first local large-scale party featuring roasted oysters was sponsored by the Grand Lodge of Ancient Masons on Remley’s Point.
1730 -- Robert Johnson arrives as Charles Town's first Royal Governor.
1987 -- Septima Poinsette Clark dies. We discuss the life and legacy of Mrs. Clark on our Sea Islands of Charleston Tour.
1761 -- Early Patriot leader Christopher Gadsden wrote an editorial in the Gazette accussing Lt. Col. James Grant, a Scottish officer in the British Army, of not having been aggressive enough in his attacks on the Cherokees, claiming he did not permit his men "to cut the throats of as many as they could have." In Charleston! Charleston!, author Walter J. Fraser Jr. suggests the criticism may have been fueled, at least in part, by "personal jealousies increasingly common in relations between British regular officers and provincial officers" (p. 95).
1765 -- Amid rumors of a possible slave rebellion, Acting Governor William Bull called an emergency Council meeting. A hundred militia men were deployed to patrol the city and the captains of ships moored in the harbor had their sailors stand sentinel at night. The holidays passed peacefully, though the patrols continued both day and night through early January (Charleston! Charleston! by West Fraser Jr., p. 113).
1860 -- Some 160 state delegates gather in Columbia to determine the secession question. The session is interrupted, however by an outbreak of smallpox. The delegates reconvene three days later in Charleston.
1743 -- Royal Governor James Glen arrived in Charles Town aboard the Tarter, afterward describing the colony as being "... in Ashes, Defenseless, Declining."
1719 -- The Assembly proclaimed Gen. James Moore Jr., who had led a successful attack on the Tuscarora tribe during the Yemassee War, as provisional governor until they received further directives from the Crown.
1950 -- Maria Louisa Porcher Wayne died.
1860 -- In what some claim to have been the "real" start of the Civil War, the Charleston militia ousted a small group of civilian laborers and two Union officers from Castle Pinckney, making it the first Federal military installation to seized by the Confederates.
1698 -- Affra Harleston Coming divides her estate between her nephew, John Harleston, and her husband's half-nephew, Elias Ball.
1899 -- The South Carolina Jockey Club disbands and donates its property, the former Washington Race Course, to the South Carolina Library Society.
1860 -- Ten days after South Carolina seceded from the Union, the state militia seized the United States Arsenal in Charleston.
1851 - Jenny Lofton was born in Christ Church Parish.