CHARLESTON AT HER PINNACLE


1784-1820

1784

June 25 -- The Hebrew Benevolent Society of Charleston, the oldest Jewish charitable society in the United States, is founded.

1785 

Jan. 27 -- According to the journal of the House of Representatives, two petitions were presented, one of which called for the establishment of a school (which would later become the College of Charleston) at Charleston and the other at Winnsborough. The petitions were sent to committee for consideration. (Source: A History of the College of Charleston, p. 18.)

March 19 -- Because "the proper education of youth is essential to the happiness and prosperity of every community," the General Assembly of South Carolina passed an "act for erecting and establishing" the College of Cambridge in the district of Ninety-Six, Mt. Zion College in the district of Camden, and the College of Charleston, in or near the city of Charleston. (Source: A History of the College of Charleston, p. 1)

1786

Oct. 12 -- Attorney Ralph Isaacs challenged Dr. Joseph Brown Ladd to a duel.

Oct. 23 -- At dawn, Ralph Isaacs and Dr. Joseph Brown Ladd met in Philadelphia Alley to duel for their honor.

Nov. 2 -- Ten horrific days after being shot in the kneecap by Ralph Isaacs, Dr. John Brown Ladd died at the Thomas Rose House, 59 Church Street.

1787
Jan. 1 -- Arthur Middleton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence dies.

1792

Feb. 15 -- The first race held at the new Washington Race Course (now Hampton Park) was held. 

1794
Feb. 10 -- Planter, Revolutionary War Patriot, and author of a manuscript relaying his experiments with planting matter Aaron Loocock died.

1797
Dec. 11 -- After suffering for 18 years from an accidental bayonette wound he received at the Siege of Savannah, Patriot Capt. Archibald Broun (aka Brown) died at Blessing Plantation. During his distinguished career, he negotiated with the French for miltary supplies and equipment, and became one of the five wealthiest land owners in St. Thomas Parish (near today's Goose Creek area).

1801
Feb. 2 -- Joseph Alston, who would become South Carolina's governor, married Theodosia Burr, the daughter of the nation's third Vice President, Aaron Burr. 

1802
Nov. 23 -- Theodosia Burr, daughter of Vice President Aaron Burr and a future First Lady of South Carolina, arrived in Charleston.

1807
Jan. 1 -- The foreign slave trade ended per Federal law (at least officially, if not in absolute practice).

1813

Jan. 29 -- A man named Pierre Mathesau was hanged in front of the Old City Jail on Magazine Street. (Source: Abode of Misery, p. 15.)

1820

Feb. 18 -- John and Livinia Fisher were hanged, convicted of the crime of highway robbery, near "the lines, on the Meeting-Street Road...." (Source: Charleston Courier)

We visit the final resting place and hear the sad tale of Archibald Broun on our Day on the Cooper River Tour.
Hear the story of America's first Jewish benevolent society on our Lost Charleston Tour.
We visit the house where Dr. Joseph Brown Ladd died tragically in 1786 on our Charleston Overview Tour.
We visit the grave of Aaron Loocock, a Revolutionary War soldier and owner of several plantations, on our Day on the Cooper River Tour. In addition to writing a 18th century book on growing matter, after the Revolution, Loocock served in the first Assembly in the new state government.